Don Kenyon and Pierre van der Eng have published a commentary on the EU`s interest in free trade agreements in Asia. This article discusses elements of the EU`s external free trade agreements that combine international trade and investment with non-economic issues. The case of South Korea is the first example in which trade liberalization is used as a means of achieving broader foreign policy objectives. In addition, a similar scenario is expected to take place within the framework of eu-trade negotiations on a free trade agreement with Canada, Singapore and Japan. The outcome of the comprehensive economic and trade agreement between the EU and Canada with respect to the provisions of the Lisbon Treaty remains to be seen. This is closely monitored by other countries that are on the line of negotiating treaty-level agreements: Singapore, Japan and Australia. AbstractEs these a strong presumption among economists that domestic reforms are promoted by regionalism. However, there is no solid empirical evidence of this thesis. This article examines both theoretical arguments and empirical evidence in this area, referring to relevant economic, political and legal literature.
The authors argue that, in general, the case for reciprocity in domestic policy reforms is weak. In one case where a regional agreement appears to have encouraged domestic reform – the European Union (EU) – the mechanisms of the European Court of Justice on enforcement policy have played an important role. But these mechanisms are not unique. Instead, the authors argue that the EU`s success lies in the fact that national voters are empowered to fight non-competitive regulations. For example, the EU has encouraged economic reforms in sensitive areas and far from borders, because it has overcome the problem of loss of sovereignty by internalising the political struggle for domestic interests, while providing an apolitical framework for debate. The Partnership Framework is a living document that is regularly reviewed and improved in response to changing global challenges and the political and economic climate. During her visit to Brussels in October 2010 for Australia`s participation in the Asia-Europe meeting, Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard proposed to improve bilateral relations through the negotiation of a treaty-level framework agreement, in order to strengthen and deepen engagement with the EU, in line with the views of both sides on many issues. This new agreement is being negotiated. Global dependence on climate change issues requires a high degree of inter-regional cooperation. This theme is no different for international trade in services and for other aspects of trade relations that require a single political response. The EUTrade Project`s Chief Investigators and the ANU Centre for European Studies discussed the potential for mutual recognition at the trade in services seminar held at the Goethe-Institut in Brussels earlier this year. Comparisons have been made with the Australia Economic Closer (ANZCERTA), which can serve as a framework for the EU-Australia agreement being negotiated.
Similarly, this argument is consistent with the special edition of the Australian Journal of International Affairs (AJIA) published in September 2011. It is still too early to assess the effectiveness and instruments of the agreement at EU-Australia level. In 2008, the EU-Australia Partnership Framework set out a new framework for strengthened and dynamic cooperation between the EU and Australia. One of the strengths of the partnership framework is cooperation to strengthen dialogue and cooperation in the area of common foreign and security policy interests; Promoting business interests Strengthen our cooperation with the Asia-Pacific region; seek opportunities for cooperation in the areas of climate change, the environment, energy security, fisheries and forestry; and strengthen cooperation in science and technology, education and culture.